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Download Mobi Ø Black Flags The Rise of ISIS ´ 368 pages Î [Read] ➺ Black Flags The Rise of ISIS ➶ Joby Warrick – Pulitzer Prize winning reporter Joby Warrick reveals how the strain of militant Islam now raising its banner across Ira and Syria spread from a remote Jordanian pris   But his movement endured first called al aeda in Ira then renamed Islamic State of Ira and Syria or ISIS seeking refuge in unstable ungoverned pockets on the Ira Syria border And as the Syrian civil war broke out in 2011 ISIS seized its chance to pursue Zarawi's dream of a sweeping ultra conservative Islamic caliphate      Drawing on uniue access to CIA and Jordanian sources Joby Warrick weaves together heart pounding moment by moment operational details with overarching historical perspectives to reveal the long trajectory of today's most dangerous Islamic extremist threat From the Hardcover editi Warrick a Pulitzer Prize winning journalist explores the origins of ISIS Beginning in the 1990’s he chronicles the rise of Zarawi and al aeda in Ira and ends with the Syrian war and the rise of Baghdadi and ISIS Warrick is a skilled writer making his account very readable and easy to digest Most of us will remember the major events described Warrick adds value by connecting them filling in the gaps giving us a continuous narrative We see the stunning appearance of ISIS running rampant over Ira not as a mysterious force arising from nowhere but a logical and predictable continuation of the prior decade of terrorist activity ISIS’s rise was fueled by sectarian division It was aided by miscalculations and political expediency by American and Arab administrations alike Below are my notes Abu Musab al Zarawi grew up in Jordan as a local tough a common criminal Hoping to change his direction his mother encouraged him to attend an Islamist mosue He adopted extremist beliefs with fervor He went to Afghanistan to fight the Soviets in the spring of 1989 arriving just as the Soviet troops left Instead he fought the Russian backed Afghan government Gaining four years of combat experience he became a mujahid or holy warrior He returned to Jordan in 1993 where he was imprisoned after joining in an aborted terror attack in 1994 After release in 1999 he went back to Afghanistan where he ran a training camp for Al aeda and was seriously injured by an American bomb In 2001 he set up a new training camp separate from Al aeda in Ira Warrick notes “Zarawi’s rough character had been thrice remolded By war by prison and by responsibilities of command at the helm of his own Afghan training camp He had come to regard himself as a leader and a man with a destiny “Zarawi soon found his presence in Ira elevated by the Bush administration In their politically driven insistence to link Al aeda to Saddam Hussein they pointed to Zarawi as the connection Colin Powell and administration spokespeople singled him out making him famous and a magnet for terrorists from every corner of the Muslim world In fact he had been simply lying low in a remote part of Ira following his injury in Afghanistan The Irai intelligence service had monitored Zarawi just like the Americans did but the Irais would never cooperate with him The secular Irai government considered Muslim extremists including Zarawi enemies to be eliminated But the Bush administration only developed facts that fit their political narrative Once Saddam was defeated the Bush administration’s complete lack of planning for governing and security afterwards made Ira fertile ground for an emboldened Zarawi and his many new recruitsZarawi captured Nicholas Evan Berg an innocent American and personally cut off his head on a video released in May 2004 He made himself a terrorist leader second in fame only to Osama bin Laden Again notoriety brought him many new recruits Now Zarawi became a prime target of the intelligence agencies In September 2004 after widespread attacks killings and violence led by Zarawi Osama bin Laden endorsed him in a video broadcast over Arabian TV stations proclaiming Zarawi the “emir of the al aeda for Jihad Organization in the Land of the Two Rivers” But there was a serious disagreement Bin Laden thought it a mistake to go after Shiites believing Sunni Muslims would not approve of killing and brutalizing fellow Muslims Zarawi was not deterred a narcissist he was building his own organization an al aeda 20 In November 2005 Zarawi finally went too far in a massive bombing of three prominent Jordanian hotels killing scores of innocent Muslims including women and children Jordanians and many other Sunnis were outraged This senseless attack led immediately to increased cooperation between Jordan and the US which would eventually result in Zarawi’s death But first in February 2006 Zarawi would bomb an important Shiite monument in Samarra The bombing led to intense Sunni Shiite conflict killing over thirteen hundred in the next few days and rekindling widespread sectarian violence Finally in June 2006 with Jordanian help the U S Special Forces located his safe house bombed it and killed him In the first year after Zarawi’s death terrorist acts increased in Ira but then steeply declined through 2010 as beefed up US Special Forces went all out relentlessly pursuing insurgents decimating their ranks disrupting their plans and diminishing their stature US forces left Ira in December 2011 but regime threatening protests in Syria that year created a new crisis Syrian president Assad decided to create a diversion intended to make Syrians see his administration as necessary to preserve order He emptied his jails of common criminals excluding protesters but including terrorists The hardcore insurgents in that release included former members of Zarawi’s organization and other jihadist groups They would coalesce around a nascent terrorist organization ISIS which already had a new leader Abu Bakr al Baghdadi Baghdadi had risen as a religious leader of the Islamic State of Ira which had been formed by Zarawi’s cohorts following his death As the Syrian protests devolved into violence and civil war ISIS saw an opportunity ISIS assigned a group named the al Nusra Front to fi

Joby Warrick ↠ Black Flags The Rise of ISIS Text

?   Zarawi began by directing hotel bombings and assassinations in Jordan from a base in northern Ira but it was the American invasion of that country in 2003 that catapulted him to the head of a vast insurgency By identifying him as the link between Saddam and bin Laden the CIA inadvertently created a monster Like minded radicals saw him as a hero resisting the infidel occupiers and rallied to his cause Their wave of brutal beheadings and suicide bombings continued for years until Jordanian intelligence provided the Americans with the crucial intelligence needed to eliminate Zarawi in a 2006 airstrike   If one were to read one book to gain an understanding of how the Islamic State ISIS was able to conuer a land mass that is as big as Israel and Lebanon it should be Joby Warrick’s new monograph BLACK FLAGS THE RISE OF ISIS Warrick a Pulitzer Prize winning reporter for the Washington Post writes in a clear style that allows the reader to gain insight and understanding of the many important points he makes What separates Warrick’s effort from the myriad of works on ISIS that have appeared in the last year is the perspective he brings A major part of the book presents the rise of ISIS from the Jordanian point of view Concentrating on King Abdullah II of Jordan the reader is exposed to the inner workings of the Hashemite Kingdom as they try to cope with what is occurring on two sides of their border The book opens with attempts to negotiate the release of the downed Jordanian pilot Muath al Kasabeh with ISIS and the plight of Sajida Rishawi a convicted ISIS terrorist who is facing execution for trying to unleash a horrendous attack in Amman In the end al Kasabeh is burned alive creating revulsion throughout the Muslim world and Rishawi is executedIn addition to being led inside the Jordanian national security bureaucracy through the work of Abu Haytham a senior officer in the Jordanian counterterrorism division; the author concentrates on the role of American Ambassador to Syria Robert S Ford; and Mouazi Moustafa a Syrian immigrant who became a veteran Capitol Hill staffer who lobbied hard to assist the Syrian people and arm moderate elements who were opposed to Syrian president Bashir el Assad in explaining events and policies that evolved before and after the American invasion of Ira in 2003 Apart from discussing policy decisions as ISIS develops Warrick spends the first two thirds of the book presenting a biography of Abu Mus’ab al Zarawi who is credited with creating the foundation of the Islamic State We meet an uneducated street thug who fought in Afghanistan and was eventually imprisoned in Jordan Warrick and others point to Zarawi’s imprisonment as attending “Jihadi University” as many like minded individuals came together and became radicalized Further after the United States invaded Ira it set up Camp Bucca which will become another branch of the “Jihadi University” as over 26000 prisoners lived in communal tents according to their own sectarian identification The result is that the camp created the nucleus of the ISIS leadership as men like the future self proclaimed Caliph Abu Bakr al Baghdadi was also in residenceThe author explores the developing story that culminated in Vice President Dick Cheney’s charge that Zarawi met with Saddam Hussein to discuss access to chemical weapons which was false but was used as one of the excuses to invade Ira Further Warrick does an excellent job synthesizing the information that reflects the “head in the sand” approach taken by the Bush administration in dealing with post invasion Ira After declaring victory on the USS Abraham Lincoln President Bush faced a developing insurgency by the end of August 2003 that his administration refused to face up to This lack of accepting the reality of events in Ira left a vacuum that allowed Zarawi to take advantage of and fill Warrick describes Zarawi’s approach to the insurgency and his disagreements with Osama Bin Ladin nicely and what emerges is a ruthless individual who justifies his murderous action with the cover of his own Koranic interpretationAnother important perspective that Warrick presents is the analysis offered by Nada Bakos a CIA operative who became the agencies “targeter” whose function was to concentrate on Zarawi until the United States killed him Bakos takes us inside the CIA as they try to develop a coherent strategy to deal with the “Sheik of Slaughterers” as he referred to himself Warrick also exposes one of the most disturbing aspects of American actions in Ira Warrick describes the arrogance and incompetence of Paul Bremer III the Bush appointed head of the Coalition Provisional Authority in 2004 King Abdullah II had warned the US repeatedly against the invasion of Ira as well as deBathification of the army intelligence and government agencies which were in charge of the country’s infrastructure once the invasion took place After detailing Zarawi’s massive plot to set off what would have been a “dirty bomb” in Amman in March 2004 Abdullah II met with Bremer as Warrick reports to appeal once again not to deBathize Ira Bremer’s reply was brusue “I know what I am doing There’s going to be some sort of compensation” I’ve got it all in hand thank you very much” 148The last third of the book is devoted to the disintegration of Syria and the opportunity those events presented for ISIS Warrick dissects Assad’s reaction to the Arab Spring of 2011 and how he hoped to manipulate the rebellion against him by releasing jihadis from Syrian prisons to enhance the revolution against him This was done to show the west that he was fighting an Islamic insurgency rather than a civil war Warrick examines the approach taken by the Obama administration in dealing with Syria and the rise of ISIS His analysis is not very complementary as he discusses the schisms within the admini

Mobi æ Black Flags The Rise of ISIS ↠ Joby Warrick

Black Flags The Rise of ISISPulitzer Prize winning reporter Joby Warrick reveals how the strain of militant Islam now raising its banner across Ira and Syria spread from a remote Jordanian prison with the unwitting aid of American military intervention     When he succeeded his father in 1999 King Abdullah of Jordan released a batch of political prisoners in the hopes of smoothing his transition to power Little did he know that among those released was Abu Musab al Zarawi a man who would go on to become a terrorist mastermind too dangerous even for al aeda and give rise to an Islamist movement bent on dominating the Middle East ? Editing my number of stars in light of Patrick Cockburn's The Jihadis Return ISIS and the New Sunni Uprising only discovered after the comment thread on this review I cannot recall Warrick even mentioning Saudi or Pakistani involvement either in the ISIS movement beginning after the US invasion of Ira on which he spent an enormous amount of our time or after Zarawi was killed in 2006 He said nothing significantly different from newspaper reporting in the US the past 15 years though he gave enormous credit to the CIA whose analysis by the way he did not share with us except in an impressionistic wayI was already familiar with what the newspapers had reported and found his account rehashed old ground Cockburn's analysis on the other hand rips open ME politics and exposes US blunders and resultant difficulties The information I was getting in newspapers about ISIS in Syria confused me which is why I needed something in depth This book probably is not going to answer your uestions I am furious that we don't have the kind of journalism about the Middle East that they apparently have in Europe Perhaps our journalists are trying too hard to protect their government sources and American business interests Can it be?I leave this at three stars simply because I would never have gotten to nor understood as well Cockburn's far better material without slogging through Warrick's introductory material and discussing it with others Warrick undoubtedly knows Cockburn Why the heck couldn't he have included and credited some of Cockburn's information in his analysis? Warrick bookends his narrative nonfiction describing the origins of ISIS Islamic State in Ira and Syria with the story of the failed suicide bomber Sajida al Rishawi who was executed in Jordan just this year shortly after ISIS put to death by burning the downed Jordanian air pilot First Lieutenant Muadh al Kasasbeh in Syria in January This bookending is entirely appropriate for it links the Jordanian thug turned radical Abu Musad al Zarawi leader of al aeda in Ira AI with the later leader of ISIS Irai Islamic scholar Abu Bakr al Baghdadi Just this week Oct 2015 we learned that al Baghdadi was targeted in an air strike as he convoyed to a meeting of senior ISIS leaders in western Ira It is not known if he has been wounded or killedI would be happy never to hear or read the name Zarawi again but here he is in the pages of this book Abu Musad al Zarawi was the Jordanian national who created and led AI during the Ira War He gained credibility and became a household name the world over when American forces labelled him a threat in 2003 just before the American invasion of Ira Warrick carefully traces the path of Zarawi’s radicalism beginning while he was in a Jordanian jail from 1993 99 through his contact with and split from Osama bin Laden’s al aeda organization through to his death in by American airstrike in 2006 After his death his organization which had attracted many followers amongst the Sunni minority in Ira lost its thrust and seemed on the point of disintegration The American withdrawal from Ira gave the remnants of Zarawi’s group freedom to operate They continued to consolidate now with Abu Bakr al Baghdadi gradually rising to third in the leadership in charge of Sharia law by 2010 In 2010 an airstrike took out the other two top leaders leaving Baghdadi to step into the vacuum and impose his own vision on the men under his command He announced ISIS involvement in Syria in 2011 with a carefully shot and edited uarter hour video heralded on Islamic websites for days before its release Warrick shows us how the radical insurgent movement could have begun given impetus through a combination of American bombs and Arab prisons Western ideology and invasion is an undeniable spur to Islamists of any sort who resist any foreign influence and incursion into their lands whether or not bombing was meant to help Warrick adds Arab jails because this is where Zarawi got his instruction and indoctrination Inmates were segregated by creed and the Islamists lived by Sharia law Jails became in effect jihadi universities which helped extremists inculcate moderates and fueled the insurgency inside the wire Like Arab jails the American military system of corralling all insurgents together as “bad guys” was “dysfunctional and counterproductive” in Warrick’s opinion Baghdadi survived and thrived in prison He was picked up in a sweep in early 2004 and sent to the American administered jail called Camp Bucca His academic expertise as a conservative educated religious scholar gave him stature He both taught and spoke classical Arabic and led religious prayers When he was released in 2004 after ten months in prison he finished earning his doctorate in Islamic studies and gravitated to the militants operating outside the major cities By 2010 he was third in the leadership of radicals in charge of Sharia law and when an American airstrike took out two of the top leaders in late 2010 al Baghdadi stepped upNow ISIS has Sunni Shia as well as Western governments and Russia all seeking their demise One reason is that the predominantly Sunni ISIS organization burned the Jordanian Sunni air pilot flying over Syria rather than behead him Death by burning is something forbidden in the