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Charles Robert Darwin of the MOBI #183 was een Engels autodidact op het gebied van natuurlijke historie biologie en geologie Darwin ontleent zijn roem aan zijn theorie dat evolutie van soorten wordt gedreven door natuurlijke selectie Het bestaan van evolutie werd nog tijdens zijn The Voyage PDF leven binnen een groot deel van de wetenschappelijke gemeenschap geaccepteerd De acceptatie van natuurlijke selectie als aandrijvend mechanisme liet langer op zich wachten en is tegenwoordig onomstreden Darwin werd gelovig opgevoed en opgeleid volgens de filosofie van de in die tijd Voya. To listen to this book review as a podcast click below book is really a rare treasure Is there anything comparable Here we have the very man whose ideas have revolutionized completely our understanding of life writing with charm about the very voyage which sparked and shaped his thinking on the subject And even if this book wasn’t a window into the mind of one of history’s most influential thinkers it would still be entertaining on its own merits Indeed the public at the time thought so making Darwin into a bestselling author I can hardly imagine how fascinating it would have been for a nineteenth century Englishman to read about the strange men and beasts in different parts of the world Today the world is so flat that almost nothing can surprise But what this book has lost in exotic charm it makes up for in historical interest; for now it is a fascinating glimpse into the world 150 years ago Through Darwin’s narrative we both look out at the world as it was and into the mind of a charming man And Darwin was charming How strange it is that one of today’s most vicious debates—creationism vs evolution religion vs science—was ignited by somebody as mild mannered and likable as Mr Darwin His most outstanding characteristic is his curiosity; everything Darwin sees he wants to learn about “In England any person fond of natural history enjoys in his walks a great advantage by always having something to attract his attention; but in these fertile climates teeming with life the attractions are so numerous that he is scarcely able to walk at all”As a result the range of topics touched upon in this volume is extraordinary botany entomology geology anthropology paleontology—the list goes on Darwin collects and dissects every creature he can get his hands on; he examines fish birds mammals insects spiders Admittedly the descriptions of anatomy and geological strata were often so detailed as to be tedious; Darwin though brilliant could be very dry In the course of these descriptions Darwin also indulged in uite a bit of speculation offering an interesting glimpse into both his thought process and the state of science at that time I wonder if any edition includes follow ups of these conjectures; it would’ve been interesting to see how they panned out In retrospect it is almost unsurprising that Darwin came up with his theory of evolution for he encounters many things that are perplexing and inexplicable without it Darwin finds fossils of extinct megafauna and wonders how animals so large could have perished completely He famously sees examples of one body plan being adapted—like a theme and variations—in the finches of the Galapagos Islands He also notes that the fauna and flora on those islands are related to though uite different from that in mainland South America If life there was created separately why wouldn’t it be completely different And if it was indeed descended from the animals on the mainland what made it changeDarwin also sees abundant examples of convergent evolution—two distinct evolutionary lines producing similar results in similar circumstances—in Australia A little time before this I had been lying on a sunny bank and was reflecting on the strange character of the animals in this country as compared with the rest of the world An unbeliever in everything but his own reason might exclaim ‘Two distinct Creators must have been at work; their object however has been the same certainly the end in each case is complete’ More surprisingly Darwin finds that animals in isolated uninhabited islands tend to have no fear of humans And strangely enough an individual animal from these islands can’t even be taught to fear humans Why Darwin asks does an individual bird in Europe fear humans even though it's never been harmed by one And why can’t you train an individual bird from an isolated island to fear humans My favorite anecdote is of Darwin repeatedly throwing a turtle

review The Voyage of the Beagle

The Voyage of the BeagleGe of the PDFEPUB #190 in Engeland gangbare natuurlijke theologie die religie en weten schap verenigde Dankzij de waarnemingen en ontdekkingen die hij in de loop van zijn leven deed ging hij echter steeds meer twijfelen over zowel de gangbare ideeën over soortvorming als zijn persoonlijke geloof Tijdens een onderzoeks reis met het schip de Beaglebezocht Darwin Zuid Amerika Australië het zuiden van Afrika en diverse eilandengroepen in de Grote en Indische Oceaan Op al deze plekken bestudeerde hij de plaatselijke dieren planten fossielen en geologie Een groot deel van zijn verd. This book is Charles Darwin's journal of his 5 year voyage on the HMS BeagleThis journey marked the second of Captain Fitzroy and the Beagle but the first for 22 year old Charles Darwin who had decided to become a naturalist like Alexander von HumboldtDarwin had stopped studying medicine and refused to become a priest so the persuasion of an uncle was necessary for Charles' father to allow and fund the journey in the first place But he didThey went from England to Tenerife Cape Verde Bahia Rio de Janeiro Montevideo the Falkland Islands Valparaiso Lima the Galápagos Islands before leaving South America to sail on to New Zealand Sidney Hobart Tasmania and King George's Sound in Australia Cocos Island Mauritius Cape Town then back to Bahia Cape Verde and the Azores before returning to EnglandThus they were on uite a tight schedule which explains why Darwin's time on the Galápagos was cut short an important detail because he made his most profound discoveries there that later resulted in his most famous work and if he had had time maybe he would have remembered to label those finches andor keep at least one tortoise for his studies but of that in my review for The Origin of SpeciesWhile the Beagle was a relatively small ship Darwin nevertheless filled her to the brim with specimen some sailors getting enthused and helping him much to the dismay of a few othersHe always kept a meticulous journal that served as a diary as much as a study book where he jutted down all his observations Thus we can not only see while reading this book now what he discovered but also what his thought process was like We read of him being severely seasick at first his fascination with nature we find out that he was anti slavery sadly not for the same pure reasons Humboldt had what he thought of certain people he was with or encountered along the way We also see the influence of his paternal grandfather Erasmus Darwin who had laid a few of the foundations of Darwin's theories just like Humboldt had A note on Darwin's view of indiginous people Certainly some thoughts he wrote down are cringeworthy from today's perspective and were especially disappointing after initially learning that he was anti slavery However for a man of his day and age not counting the unapologetic anomaly that was Humboldt he was very progressiveWhat I loved above all else was that we get to revel in Darwin's beautiful writing style that brings to life the sea jungles and various animals and plants He had a way of transporting the reader to the places he had been to and I felt as if I was making the journey with him while reading thisThis vivid writing style that made this journal appear almost like a novel really surprised and delighted me as I had not expected it In fact I got so swept up in the narrative that I found myself sitting at the edge of my seat whenever Darwin's musings showed him getting close to the scientific truth but not uite despite me knowing that it would take him a little longer yetA fantastic feat and I love that my edition shows sketches by Darwin himself as well as paintings of landscapes he's been to or animals now extinct that he encountered However for all those wanting the highlights of the journey I can also recommend the audio version narrated by Dawkins which I listened to simultaneously I know ME endorsing an abridged version the scandal ;

Charles Darwin ñ 8 Read

The Voyage of the Beagle Read & Download ↠ 8 ß [Ebook] ➩ The Voyage of the Beagle ➯ Charles Darwin – Charles Robert Darwin was een Engels autodidact op het gebied van natuurlijke historie biologie en geologie Darwin ontleent zijn roem aan zijn theorie dat evolutie van soorten wordt gedreven door natuEre leven was gewijd aan het onderzoeken en classificeren van de op zijn reis verzamelde voorwerpen en het was onder andere dankzij dit onderzoek dat hij op zijn theorie over het ontstaan van soorten kwam Darwins werk zorgde voor een revolutie binnen de wetenschap maar had ook invloed op maatschappij filosofie en religie De acceptatie van evolutie zette de mens neer als een diersoort onderdeel van de natuur in plaats van een boven de natuur staande levensvorm Samen met de erfelijkheidsleer van Mendel vormt Darwins evolutietheorie tegenwoordig de basis van alle biologische kenni. Commanders in the Royal Navy could not socialize with their crew They ate their meals alone then they met with the officers on board ship This took it's mental toll on the ship's Captain's and so they were allowed a civil companion someone from outside the Navy who would be under their command but was not part of the crew Captain Fitz Roy age 26 a Nobleman and a passionate Naturalist chose Charles Darwin a wealthy upper class Naturalist enthusiast to be his companion aboard the HMS Beagle for the five year voyage to map Patagonia and Tierra del Feugo and circumnavigate the globeWhat I found most interesting about this book was how easy it is to read and enjoy It is the edited journal of Charles Darwin during his voyage on HMS Beagle yes but it reads like a travel channel show with Darwin as your host This is not the old Origin of Species Darwin with his long white beard and noble wisely appearance This is just out of college Darwin looking for adventure He's 24 years old he knows nothing he wants to see everything he is good natured idealistic and full of uestions It's like he's on a cruise ship which happens to be a ship of war and he only has a few days at each port to party and see all the sights Naturalist gone Wild What makes the journals enjoyable is that this is not a young man who thinks he has all the answers He is aware of his inexperience and unfamiliarity with every surrounding he finds himself in and relies on interviews with others locals magistrates natives scientists to fill in the blanks He is smart He accumulates facts He writes them down He expresses brief opinions He gathers facts He has adventures And here and there a light clicks on We see something start to dawn on him He doesn't put it together that will come years later but all the information he needs to formulate his later theories is here he just doesn't see it But we do And that's the fun of reading these journals watching this young man grow up on this five year voyage What makes this an extraordinary read is that we know how it ends This book is a little like watching The Sixth Sense a second time after you know the twist to watch all the clues missed the first time knowing that years later Darwin will see the twist