FREE PDF î BOOK Ted Hughes

Jonathan Bate  Ted Hughes PDF

FREE PDF î BOOK Ted Hughes ↠ [PDF / Epub] ⚣ Ted Hughes ✈ Jonathan Bate – Insolpro.co.uk A captivating life of Ted Hughes told with great depth by the prize winning author of The Genius of Shakespeare and biographer of John Clare Jonathan BateTed Hughes Poet Laureate was one of the greate A captivating life of Ted Hughes told with greaA captivating life of Ted Hughes told with great depth by the prize winning author of The Genius of Shakespeare and biographer of John Clare Jonathan BateTed Hughes Poet Laureate was one of the greatest writers of the twentieth century When Ted Hughes published Birthday Letters in 1998 it became the fastest selling work of poetry in history Critics were astounded readers old and young were converted prizes were scooped Comparisons were drawn with erupting volcanoes There was a feeling of immense pressure forcing the poems upwards outwards These were poems that had to be written The story of how that pressure gathered and why is the burden of this engaging biographyThough not the first biography of Ted Hughes it is the most detailed The journey it traces from Number 1 Aspinall Street Mytholmroyd to Buckingham Palace is remarkable Like his close friend Seamus Heaney Ted Hughes' parents were neither wealthy nor highly educated and lived far from the centres of power Nearly all their street's houses were made of millstone grit stained by over a century of industry A tin bath was stored under the kitchen table for washing There were compensations Hughes' Mother Edith was something of a mystic complaining since childhood of spectral hands touching her own In June 1944 she woke to the sight of crosses flashing in the sky above the local chapel alerting her to a terrible battle being fought in which thousands were being killed The following day the radio announced the D day landings had begun that morning Little Hughes loved animals made of lead and the outdoors thrilling to ‘the silence of the hills’ the untamed Yorkshire moors and its wildlife Early hunting expeditions did not always run smoothly After borrowing his brother’s air rifle a shot by Ted ricocheted bloodying his forehead Fishing trips went better when the boys trawled the canal using old curtains for nets Hughes' favourite childhood book seems to have been Tarka the Otter Unsentimental and freuently violent the book refused to cast animals as mere human stand ins When Hughes read it it hit him with the force of revelationHughes' flair for writing and reading saw him through Grammar School and later to Cambridge Much of what he learned was an elaboration of his early reading bits and pieces of Jung DH Lawrence large chunks of Robert Graves’ The White Goddess Hughes switched from studying English to anthropology after his famous dream of seeing a human sized fox enter his room burnt and remorseful telling the budding writer ‘You’re killing us’ This provoked his signature poem ‘The Thought Fox’ and the rest you might think is history Bate doesn’t have a historian’s vice of spotting inevitability around every corner Whatever Hughes claimed in later years the poem in fact was not written until years after leaving university and was repeatedly revised To readers that can barely imagine a world before the poem existed the messy process of how it arrived is interesting reading The famed last line ‘The window is starless still; the clock ticks The page is printed' went through many variants such as ‘And the page where the prints have appeared’ and ‘The clock crowding and the whitening sky Watch this page where the prints remain’ It's a fine example of the book’s fascination with how easily history might have taken a different course the countless fords in the river of timeAlso different was Hughes’ approach to poetry At the time the ‘Movement’ poets were in vogue Hughes style as Seamus Heaney put it with its ‘sensuous fetch its redolence of blood and gland and grass and water recalled English poetry in the fifties from a too suburban evasion his diction is consonantal and it snicks through the air like an efficient blade making and carving out fast definite shapes; but within those shapes mysteries and rituals are hinted at They are circles within which he conjures up presence’ You long for a second volume of Hughes' correspondence filled solely with letters between the twoThe ritual shamanistic aspect of poetry certainly appealed to Hughes Though it's a mark of how seriously Hughes took his role as poet Bate seems to imply that it also papered over his glaring lack of responsibility especially when it came to sex Hughes had a reputation as a seducer and Bate makes no attempt to excuse it Hughes’ affair with Assia Wevill is well known but less so were the dalliances he was enjoying well into his sixties There are hints of even further affairs including a possible tryst with Angela Carter The feminist writer Erica Jong she who coined the phrase ‘zipless fuck’ and her attraction to Hughes is weirdly fascinating We learn that Hughes was in bed with another woman at roughly the same time Sylvia Plath was placing her head in the gas oven This is the point that most biographies have already covered often to the exclusion of everything else Bate is careful to give this event its full measure but also careful to place it into context and with some sobering details To the fledgeling feminist movement Plath served as a ready made victim and martyr Hughes was swiftly caricatured as a violent profiteering tyrant It was a crude view hence its reliance on strict binary opposites on black and white Although Plath’s Journals and Letters Home helped bring some shades of grey into that view her hysterical fans had little time for facts Bate politely terms them ‘Plathians’ though I find ‘Plath cultists’ apposite Hughes’ actions were ugly and selfish but he never defaced another person’s grave or wrote poems demanding someone’s dismemberment We also learn that when The Bell Jar appeared in America it was prompted by an oddity of US copyright law Work by a deceased American citizen published outside their own country forfeits protection after seven years This meant that any publisher could bring the novel out without paying a cent in royalties As the money from Plath’s estate was paid into a Trust for her two children less the price of a modest family house Hughes sensibly opted to release an official edition Accusations of profiteering duly ensued Protests at Hughes’ readings grew frenzied and viciousThere were other difficulties After Crow in 1970 even devoted fans could spot the decline in uality Bate serves up some astute criticism and uotes many examples of Hughes at his most overblown and pretentious 'Oracular spore breath’ ‘goblin clump’ ‘ectoplasmic pulp’ ‘half a drugged Oglala’ Hughes’ voice as Bate puts it became a ‘parody self' a rehash of the worst of Crow without the directness and clarity of its best Official recognition didn't help 'Rain Charm for the Duchy' aside Hughes’ laureate poetry was awfulWhat broke the deadlock Hughes was dismissive of ‘confessional’ poetry but had learned than he was willing to admit from Plath Yet the Birthday Letters poems addressed to his wife's shade didn’t arrive as a late shower of creativity they were written over thirty years Some appeared in the 1981 and 1994 editions of Hughes' Selected Poems without comment Besides their emotional richness they seemed to most as altogether different from Hughes’ other work In fact as Erica Wagner says in Ariel’s Gift the style of the book had in common with Hughes’ superb 1979 collection Moortown Diary looser dialogic willing to risk feeling Not all the Sylvia poems made the cut and not all saw publication even in limited editions afterwards Perhaps one day that will be rectified but I think Bate is right when he says that releasing the burden of grief helped Hughes in ways than one Bate also unearths some interesting finds Plath attended the Lady Chatterley Trial at the Old Bailey and named her role models as Brigit Bardot and Lolita in apparent seriousness Although Hughes sister Olwyn wrote scathingly about Plath she barely knew her in real life The Vicar that baptised Hughes and Plath’s children preached a sermon heralding the H bomb as a sign of the Second Coming attacking 'the stupid pacifists and humanists’ that feared incineration When Plath submitted the manuscript of Hughes’ first book The Hawk in the Rain Faber returned it with the acid comment that they didn’t publish first books by unknown US authors After Plath pointed out Hughes was an Englishman an acceptance letter and a glowing note of praise from TS Eliot immediately followedAlthough Hughes worshipped Eliot’s work he found the senior poet distant always looking down to the ground when talking and smiling like ‘a person recovering from some serious operation’ Hughes’ comments about American poets still seem accurate over fifty years later their only real grounding was their selves and their family ‘Never a locality or a community or an organisation of ideas or a private imagination’I have some minor gripes I doubt many will agree Hughes was one of the great Poet Laureates I don’t think hypnotism especially when performed by amateurs actually does help much with the agony of childbirth Oxford isn’t in ‘the North’ and nor is Nottingham I don’t particularly see why readers that disliked Shakespeare and the Goddess of Complete Being should ‘atone’ for that opinion or why Bate thinks they shouldThese aside this is an engaging level headed biography fair to its subject and with a proper respect for the human suffering it probes Seamus Heaney compared reading Birthday Letters to a ‘tribute paid By what we have been true to A thing allowed’ Bate has been true to Hughes

PDF ✓ Â Jonathan Bate

With an eual gift for poetry and prose he had a magnetic personality and an insatiable appetite for friendship for love and for lifeBut he attracted scandal than any poet since Lord ByronRenowned scholar Sir Jonathan Bate has spent fiv I feel slightly guilty filing this on my 'Sylvia Plath' shelf but having read this brilliant biography I feel somewhat justified I've admired Bate's writing on Shakespeare and related subjects and he's done a masterly job of writing about Ted Hughes a great poet who wrote a lot of bad poetry and a man with than his fair share of flaws in a manner that is neither hagiographical nor spiteful Plath runs through the book like blood through a vein I think this is right I agree with Bate that Plath was the ghost who never left him the Cathy to his Heathcliff There were many times when I disliked the man drawn by Bate but also times when I pitied him and even came close to understanding him Any biography is of course as much about the biographer as it is about hisher subject No one can be entirely objective even if they try Bate admits as much He shows us the power of Ted's writing and also its weaknesses Deeply flawed deeply talented his life and writing taken as a whole never uite delivered as much or as well as he wished He was often very generous to other poets and his slight envy when his good friend Seamus Heaney won the Nobel is understandable although I feel Heaney was a better and consistent poet than HughesWhat shines through above everything is the respect he felt for Plath's work In many respects he let her down badly but in his appreciation of what she achieved in her late poems he never waveredI've always struggled to find a way in to Hughes's poetry This biography makes me want his read his work again That's what all the best biographies do

READER Ted Hughes

Ted HughesE years in his archives unearthing a wealth of new material Here for the first time is the full story of Ted Hughes's life and work At its centre is Hughes’s lifelong uest to come to terms with the suicide of his first wife Sylvia Pla A touching extraordinarily well written biography A must read for Plath lovers hellbent on discovering the other side of her moon impossibly charming prolific complicated dark knight Ted Hughes