Read ì Doing Philosophy ´ eBook ePUB or Kindle PDF

Timothy Williamson Ç 8 Review

Read ì Doing Philosophy ´ eBook, ePUB or Kindle PDF ´ [PDF / Epub] ✈ Doing Philosophy ☀ Timothy Williamson – What are philosophers trying to achieve How can they succeed Does philosophy make progress Is it in competition with science or doing something completely different or neitherIn DR Discussing philosophy's ability to clarify our thoughts he explains why such clarification depends on the development of philosophical theories and how those theories can be tested by imaginative thought experiments and compared against each other by standards similar to those used in the natural and social sciences He also shows how logical rigor can be understood as a way of enhancing the explanatory power of philoso. A decent little introduction to contemporary primarily analytic philosophy Williamson focuses on the methodology of philosophy and sometimes contrasts and sometimes compares it to the other sciences Williamson doesn't really touch on the subfield of ethics at all as he is mostly concerned with logic epistemology and metaphysics The author succeeds in emphasising the oft contested relevance of philosophy and is rather humble in his writing For anyone not all too familiar with philosophy and it's methods this is a nice place to start

Read ✓ eBook, ePUB or Kindle PDF Ç Timothy Williamson

Phical theoriesDrawing on the history of philosophy to provide a track record of philosophical thinking's successes and failures Williams overturns widely held dogmas about the distinctive nature of philosophy in comparison to the sciences demystifies its methods and considers the future of the discipline From thought experiments to deduction to theories this little book will cause you to totally rethink what philosophy. “Philosophy is a science albeit a distinct one It’s a science in that it's a methodical and logical field of inuiry comparable with the natural sciences Where the natural sciences study the natural world philosophy studies the language and concepts we use to communicate about the world and the laws of logic that govern all forms of argumentation Thus philosophy is not in competition with the sciences In fact all scientific inuiry benefits from and ultimately depends upon philosophyActionable advice Sharpen your analytical thinking skills by putting one of your convictions to the testFirst think of something that you really firmly believe Write it down It could be something as simple as “the sun will rise tomorrow” Now try to come up with two or three reasons why that belief may be false Then respond to each of the points with a good counter argument”

Free read Doing Philosophy

Doing PhilosophyWhat are philosophers trying to achieve How can they succeed Does philosophy make progress Is it in competition with science or doing something completely different or neitherIn Doing Philosophy Timothy Williamson tackles some of the key uestions surrounding philosophy in new and provocative ways showing how philosophy begins in common sense curiosity and develops through our capacity to dispute rationally with each othe. “As a systematic methodological form of inuiry philosophy is a science but not a natural science” The main thesis of this book is that philosophy is a kind of broadly understood science It argues for this claim as follows Chap 1 Common Sense Both science and philosophy begin by aiming to explain the way things seem to be Of course the way things seem to be may turn out to be wrong Nevertheless it remains the natural starting point of inuiry Theories are developed to explain why murder seems to be wrong or why the sun seems to revolve around the earth Chap 3 Disputing Each theory tends to have both advocates and critics which dispute with each other to assess the relevant strengths and weaknesses of the particular theory Both appeal to evidence to strengthen their theory which tends to be intuitions in philosophy and observations in science Both also appeal to counterevidence to weaken their opponent's theory which tends to be intuitions or observations that contradict the theory For example utilitarians will point to utilitarianism's intuitive results it is good to save someone's life because it maximises utilityhappiness while non utilitarians will point to intuitions which contradict utilitarianism it is wrong to kill an innocent person to save many others Chap 5 6 Experiments Comparing Theories Counterevidence is discovered using experiments Science generally uses natural experiments while philosophy generally uses thought experiments Theories are then compared using the inference to the best explanation which weighs the theoretical virtues of simplicity coherence and to decide between rival theories Overall this is a great although admittedly one sided analysis of philosophical methodology I highly recommend it to philosophy students