Traité sur la tolérance Mobi ã 416 pages

Mobi Û Traité sur la tolérance ☆ Voltaire

Mobi Û Traité sur la tolérance ☆ Voltaire Ct des croyances et l'esprit de toléranceUne réflexion très actuelle sur le système judiciaire la responsabilité des juges et les effets pervers des lo For a book written than 250 years ago 1763 Voltaire's Treaty on Tolerance is accurately relevant to today's struggles about religion Or maybe it is that mankind doesn't change nor learn about its mistakesIn any case tolerance is what we need to fight forI don't have much knowledge a about all the history Voltaire evoued where the Romans as tolerant as he claimed? Voltaire seems to idealise a little a few historical figures but he does give us examples to support his views on tolerance it's important to listen to his messageThis is about a book about religions and how men handle it through history And it is a book about tolerance It's short and goes straight to the point and to do so uses and uotes many historical events as well as words from religious texts because intolerance is often rooted wrongfully in struggles about religionsIn short we were not meant for hatred but love and acceptance Isn't it what we should all live by?That being said Voltaire seems to put emphasis on Jews among others and defend his christianity Sure he presents logical argumentsthinking but I think he was biased in certain ways This is not an atheist take not that it should be just saying and christianity is the main anchor to his advocating toleranceSo I'd say it is an interesting text that should be read with an open mind Like all of us Voltaire is not perfect and a product of his time but gives us good points and food for thoughts

Kindle Traité sur la tolérance

Traité sur la tolérance Mobi ã 416 pages ¸ ❴Reading❵ ➷ Traité sur la tolérance Author Voltaire – Convaincu de l'innocence de Calas exécuté en 1762 Voltaire met sa plume au service de la justice pour demander sa réhabilitation Le négociant huguenot était accusé du meurtre de son fils ui Convaincu de l'innocence de Calas exécuté en 1762 Voltaire met sa plume au service de la justice pour demander sa réhabilitation Le négociant huguenot ? An impassioned plea for religious tolerance by Voltaire triggered by the execution of Jean Calas in Toulouse Jean Calas was a Protestant merchant in Toulouse who was sentenced to death for the murder of his son All the evidence pointed to suicide by hanging and Calas was a frail man who would not have had the strength to murder his son in this way Calas was sentenced to be broken at the wheel a particularly brutal form of execution Voltaire heard about the cause and took up the cause for a posthumous pardon and compensation for the remaining family It was a long battle and this treatise is part of the campaignThe treatise is a run through of recent French history in relation to tolerance and especially the persecution of the Huguenots Voltaire proceeds to look at Christian history the early Church Fathers the Bible other religions and the ancient Greeks and Romans Throughout Voltaire emphasises his own Christian credentials as a good Catholic; but his arguments caustic wit and sheer scepticism point to him being distant from religious belief or as much as he could be at the time He is essentially a Deist Voltaire treats the reader to an entertaining run through some of the battier beliefs of the early church and examines the persecution by the Romans to show that this has been exaggerated and most of the time the church went out of its way to attract persecution He also contrasts the bloodthirstiness of the Old Testament with the tolerant approach of the New Testament Of course Voltaire continues to make the point that if you are right you don’t need to persecute just persuade He also shows a preference for Eastern religions as opposed to the Religions of the Book Judaism Christianity and Islam This is a very humane book baffled by the inhumanity of the Church and arguing for the toleration and free thought It feels very modern

Voltaire ☆ Traité sur la tolérance Kindle

Traité sur la tolérance?tait accusé du meurtre de son fils ui voulait se convertir au catholicismeAvec une ironie mordante et un style inimitable l'écrivain plaide pour le respe In 1762 a young man committed suicide in his home in Toulouse This would be a tragedy for any family but the tragedy of the Calas family would be even bigger Since the whole family was at home at the time when the son commited suicide and importantly since they were Huguenots the Catholic mob accused them of killing their son Jean Calas the father was convicted and was tortured to death on the wheel The sons were forced into a monastery prison the daughters were forced into convents prison while the mother lost all her positions and was to end her life in poverty While the French Catholics were approving of this trial or at best looking away one man was disgusted by it all This man was Voltaire and he decided to write a treatise to promote religious tolerance During his stay in England 1726 1728 Voltaire became acuainted with philosopher John Locke In his Letter on Toleration 1689 Locke argued that no church could have a legitimate claim to power Civilians agreed to a social contract whereby the sovereign would gain legislative and executive powers so civilians only had to comit themselves to the state churches had no right to claim power over civilians since this power would be unfounded In the Treatise on Toleration Voltaire decides to pick another route to toleration He writes as if he were a Catholic 90% of France were Catholics so this is the audience he aims at and from this point he argues for toleration for all the religious minorities especially the Huguenots He wrote this in a time of heavy persecution by the French churches and a mass exodus of Huguenots to Holland and England The text itself is not really one whole; each chapter of the 25 is short and deals with a different subjects There are some main themes in this treatise but Voltaire was no philosopher or scientist and this shows in his text It would have been better if he picked a structure and made some choices in what to include and what to excludeIn broad outlines he uses the Calas execution as a motivation to write this treatise Next he traces the attitude that lead to this particular execution but importantly religious fanaticism in general to the Reformation After this looks at the state of religious tolerance in ancient Greece the Roman Empire and early Christendom He concludes that these times saw religious tolerance and that the only intolerance came from christians nowadays we would call the martyrologies of early Christendom fake news After this brief historical overview Voltaire states that religious intolerance leads to the cessation of Reason and to abuse He then asks the reader this important uestion what does Scripture say about tolerance? He shows that according to books of the Old Testament the Jews knew long periods of tolerance and according to the New Testament the message of Jesus is tolerance and no compulsion I think this last part is important since fanatical christians who see Christ as saviour would do well to ponder this fact He underlines this important point with the plea for tolerance of some famous writers churchfathers philosophers etcAt this point the book becomes a collection of short statements He tries to show with a dialogue how unreasonable intolerance is and uses a letter supposedly written by a Jesuit to encourage attacks on non Jesuits to show the danger in practice Besides this Voltaire reasons from a practical standpoint the exodus of Huguenots makes Holland and England militarily and economically stronger so intolerance leads to a weaker nationThe most important message is contained in chapter 18 which basically summarizes the whole treatise is intolerance justified? Only to destroy intolerance according to Voltaire This reminded me of the famous uotation of Karl Raimund Popper who claimed that we should be intolerant of intolerance The hidden message of this chapter is of course that the state should actively exterminate religious intolerance and fanaticism this clearly is Locke's influence on VoltaireVoltaire endeavors to establish universal tolerance Posing as a Catholic he hoped to convince the Catholic French majority that this was the best option I'm not in a position to judge if Voltaire succeeded in this but my guess is that the horrors of the Terror during the French Revolution were partly a reaction to centuries of Catholic persecution censure and oppression Intolerant people will reap what they sow I'm also not in the position to make claims about the importance and influence of this treatise; as a book I found it unstructured and at times too random as if it lacks a main objective but as a plea for religious tolerance the contents are not less important It looks like Voltaire wanted universal tolerance so bad that he put all the arguments philosophical judicialpolitical ethical practical he could find into the blender and came up with this treatise As with all of Voltaire's works and the works of other contemporaries like Montesuieu and Diderot this book can be read in a couple of hours This will certainly not be a waste of time considering the important message