Der SS Staat – Das System der deutschen Konzentrationslager reader è doc 9780374529925

doc Der SS Staat – Das System der deutschen Konzentrationslager

Der SS Staat – Das System der deutschen Konzentrationslager reader è doc 9780374529925 Ë [Download] ➵ Der SS Staat – Das System der deutschen Konzentrationslager ➾ Eugen Kogon – By the spring of 1945 the Second World War was drawing to a close in EuropeSome fascination But he firmly believed that he had to show the camp in honest unflinching detailThe result is a uniue historical document a complete picture of the society morality and politics that fueled the systematic torture of six million human beings For many years The Theory and Practice of Hell remained the seminal work on the concentration camps particularly in Germany Reissued with an introduction by Nikolaus Waschmann a leading Holocaust scholar and author of Hilter's Prisons this important work now demands to be re re One of the arguments used by the deniers of the Holocaust whether those who claim it didn't happen at all or those who hold the less radical but really no less peculiar position that Hitler was innocent of it is the lack of a written order In making this argument they are using a logical fallacy the one that is most trenchantly rebutted by the maxim Absence of evidence is not evidence of absence More specifically though they are willfully or ignorantly failing to understand a fundamental feature of Nazi existence which one approaches from one side with Shulamit Volkov's observation that Nazism was a spoken culture Volkov The Written Matter and the Spoken Word On the Gap Between Pre 1914 and Nazi Anti Semitism Unanswered uestions 52 and from the other with this passage from KogonThe SS leadership expected obedience of its subordinates but it also expected independence a curious mixture developed compounded of a cult of obedience and a complete lack of control In a sense the subordinate had to feel his way between these two attitudes As a result he was reckoned the best SS member who knew what had to be done who did not wait for long winded orders but acted in the spirit of the Reich Leader SSFor all their love of bureaucracy the Nazis went to great lengths to avoid ever putting the truth in writing Hence the endless euphemisms and Orwellian doublespeak and hence the fact that no there probably never was a written order from Hitler to Himmler and Heydrich No one involved either needed or wanted oneAnd while I'm throwing out tangents here's another oneMuch historians' sweat has been shed over the uestion of when Hitler and Himmler and Heydrich came up with the notion of killing all the Jews of Europe in 1922? in 1933? in 1939? early in 1941? late in 1941? and many arguments made about improvisation versus planning To me it seems pretty clear that from the beginning of his career as a demagogue Hitler had a very clear idea that he wanted the Jews to GO AWAY He didn't care how and he didn't care what happened to them once they'd gone He just wanted them OUT of Germany Hence the Nazi term Judenfrei free of Jews Dead was good but so was absent Out of sight out of mind I think was the operating principle and a very clear ideologically mind you not conceptually division between Germany on the other hand and the entire rest of the world on the other Thus the emphasis on emigration in the earlier parts of the Nazi regime and the uite mad but apparently sincere plan to relocate the Jews to Madagascar But Hitler's power grew and his megalomania ripened and then a funny thing happened Germany got bigger And the bigger Germany got the Jews it encompassed eg Poland There was less space OUT of Germany and over Germany began to seem bigger and bigger less accountable to the world OUTSIDE which of course was controlled by Jews anyway and therefore suspect And if absent is as good as dead then dead is as good as absent On an ideological level there was no difference in Nazi thought between killing the Jews and deporting them It was simply a matter of making them GO AWAY as cheaply and easily as possible So Hitler's idea was there from the beginning; it was just a uestion of implementation and epistemology but I doubt that ever worried Hitler much On the uestion of implementation I think yes the gears switched somewhere in the middle of 1941 but I think part of the reason it's so hard to tell is that ideologically there was hardly any switch at all Eichmann and the rest of the bureaucratic system deported Jews and deported Jews with the same unblinking efficiencyThe Theory and Practice of Hell was written by an Austrian Catholic who survived Buchenwald from 1939 to the liberation of the camp in 1945 The book is based on the report he wrote for the Allies explaining the system of concentration camps and extermination camps It has the defects of its virtues Kogon is clearly a child of his times and you can see some of the same ideas about race and class and biology in his thinking that were distorted and exaggerated into monstrosity and genocide by the Nazis But he is also doing his best to be clear to explain He doesn't try to write a hagiography of the prisoners but instead does his best to explain the way the camp hierarchy and politics worked And his book is a testament not only to basic brute survival and reading it you start to wonder how anyone any single solitary human being survived the concentration camps much less survived for years on end but to the survival of the things that make us than brutes

kindle ´ Der SS Staat – Das System der deutschen Konzentrationslager á Eugen Kogon

Assic account of life insideUnlike many other books by survivors who published immediately after the war The Theory and Practice of Hell is than a personal account It is a horrific examination of life and death inside a Nazi concentration camp a brutal world of a state within state and a society without law But Kogon maintains a dispassionate and critical perspective He tries to understand how the camp works to uncover its structure and social organization He knew that the book would shock some readers and provide others with grue I was an eighth grader when I read this book It scared me then as well as now Then when I was a Sopho it was reuired by my English class to read Night by Elie Wiesel While sad it could not eual how disturbing The Theory and Practice of Hell had It was so dispassionate so cold so matter of fact that it made Wiesel's experience seem like nothingAfter we read Night the class each student individually entered a writing contest about the Holocaust All of my fellow students so far as I know wrote about Night After two days of just sitting in the computer lab I told my teacher that I can't write about this I read something two years ago that blows this out of the waterThe Theory and Practice of Hell needs to be read by the modern generation It is disturbing a challenge to read both because of the words used and the emotional impact If you're thinking about reading it do so It will change how you think and it will make your life seem precious

Eugen Kogon á Der SS Staat – Das System der deutschen Konzentrationslager kindle

Der SS Staat – Das System der deutschen KonzentrationslagerBy the spring of 1945 the Second World War was drawing to a close in Europe Allied troops were sweeping through Nazi Germany and discovering the atrocities of SS concentration camps The first to be reached intact was Buchenwald in central Germany American soldiers struggled to make sense of the shocking scenes they witnessed inside They asked a small group of former inmates to draft a report on the camp It was led by Eugen Kogon a German political prisoner who had been an inmate since 1939 The Theory and Practice of Hell is his cl Eugen Kogon was a German writer sociologist and Holocaust survivor He was arrested several times by Gestapo for opposing the national socialist ideology and in 1939 he was deported to Buchenwald the concentration camp situated near Weimar where he would spend six years Kogon wrote this book in 1946 as an examination and in depth study of the Nazi concentration camp system under SS command He objectively and completely from several perspectives describes the organisation and hierarchy of these death camps as well as the appalling atrocities that were committed there It is a harrowing but important book and to read it is to walk into the darkest most troubling nightmare; we know that what he is describing was allowed to happen and that millions of human beings suffered and died in these camps The book reads much like court document objective and formal divided into chapters that deal with different subjects related to the concentration camps At times Kogon's own thoughts and observations are included which are uite interesting to read as he seems like a highly intelligent individual who put this book together in order for these atrocities not to be forgotten There are also a few pages on statisticsIn his chapter on the psychology of the SS he discusses and sheds light on the uestion that seems to haunt all discussions on the Holocaust how could these individuals commit these atrocious crimes and what was it that motivated them? It is most likely a combination of many factors such as a deeply ingrained inferiority complex which led to a hatred of those who were successful whether that be intellectually or materialistically a desire to humiliate and destroy those who stood up for themselves and possessed integrity but who were now reduced to mere prisoners These guards were for the most part deeply unsuccessful and frustrated individuals who in the SS found a purpose and a mission where they were finally accepted and given the respect and power they thought they deserved The discussion on the collective guilt imposed on the German people is also interesting Kogon claims that the strategy of promoting shame and guilt through publicity campaigns inherently failed to make the German people realize what had happened and to feel guilt for it The aggressive way in which it was done made the people defensive and unwilling to ransack themselves and their nation Even if they were able to do so they were often afraid to seek out information about the concentration camps because their previous ignorance would turn into guilt when enlightenedNot an easy book to read because of the subject matter but very important nevertheless