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In Rana Mitter's tense moving with Japan PDF #180 and hugely important book the war between China and Japan one of the most important struggles of the Second World War at last gets the masterly history it deservesDifferent countries give different opening dates for the period of the Second World War but perhaps the most compelling is when the 'Marco Pol. “In recent years the sheer scale of the war in China has become apparent What began on July 7 1937 as an unplanned local conflict between Chinese and Japanese troops near Beijing known as the “Marco Polo Bridge Incident” escalated into an all out war between the two great nations of East Asia; it would not end until August 1945 In the eight intervening years China’s Nationalist government was forced into internal exile along with millions of refugees Huge tracts of the country were occupied by the Japanese who sponsored collaborators to create new forms of government aimed at destroying the authority of the Nationalists In other parts of the country the Chinese Communist Party grew in influence burnishing its credentials through resistance to the Japanese and vastly increasing its territorial base through policies of radical social reform The toll that the war inflicted on China is still being calculated but conservative estimates number the dead at 14 million” Rana Mitter Forgotten Ally China’s World War II 1937 1945The Second World War has to be one of the most intensely covered events in all of history It is a vast canvas to be sure stretching over eight years and across every continent except Antarctica and involving 50 nations and hundreds of millions of people Despite this scope the literature is legion and exhaustive There are on my shelves not only the usual strategic histories battle narratives and biographies of the top brass but books covering individual companies and individual planes and individual ships Obviously I have a book on Patton and MacArthur and Montgomery but I also have a surprising number of volumes by or about field officers and enlisted men With this detailed coverage it is easy to get the sense that World War II has been deconstructed down to the granular level Nevertheless – and my apologies for burying the lede – I have always had a China sized and shaped hole in my understanding of the conflict knowing just enough about the Second Sino Japanese War to recognize that it was not getting its due I have read – to this point – dozens of books about the Pacific Theater of operations From Pearl Harbor to Midway from Guadalcanal to Okinawa I have a title to match just about every step the United States Army Navy and Marines made as they engaged in their bloody hopscotch towards Japan In those books China is rarely mentioned and if she is it is usually in a cursory or indirect fashion Looking for some way to engage this topic I came across Rana Mitter’s Forgotten Ally This is not surprising since – as Mitter notes – there are not a whole lot of volumes to choose from despite the fact that China fought for eight years took millions of casualties and tied down thousands of Japanese troops Note The historian Richard B Frank has signaled his intent to produce a trilogy on what he calls the “Asia Pacific War” with an emphasis on China The first entry – Tower of Skulls – has been published and is sitting on one of my sagging bookshelves Thankfully tackling Forgotten Ally does not fall under the category of making virtue out of a necessity To the contrary as far as introductions go this is uite good Written for general audiences and avoiding a lot of complexity by taking a sky high perspective it goes a lo

REVIEW Chinas War with Japan 1937 1945

Chinas War with Japan 1937 1945O Bridge Incident' plunged China and Japan into a conflict of extraordinary duration and ferocity a war which would result in many millions of deaths and Chinas War Kindle completely reshape East Asia in ways which we continue to confront today With great vividness and narrative drive Rana Mitter's new book draws on a huge range of new sources to recr. This book provides an overview of China's pivotal role in WWII and to the extent that readers are unfamiliar with that history it is a useful corrective But its true aims lie deeper it is unapologetically a revisionist history designed to rehabilitate the image of Chiang Kai shek and emphasize the role of the Nationalists in resisting the Japanese invasion In doing so the author also makes clear the relatively small contributions of the Communist forces and goes to great lengths to critiue the actions of Joseph Stilwell the Allies' representative in China and a constant irritant to Chiang In the latter respect the book feels like a response to Barbara Tuchman's Stillwell and the American Experience in China a generally well regarded pro Stilwell biography that did much to lock in the unflattering image of Chiang for Western observers While I enjoyed the book as a condensed review of China's role in the Second World War I felt that the author overreached in his goals I will say I gained a greater appreciation of the sacrifices by the Nationalist forces From this book it would seem that the Communists spent most of their energies regrouping during the war and positioning themselves for the inevitable power struggle to come a charge often aimed at the Nationalists The book also offers insights into some of the thinking of the Chinese participants in the collaboration government with the Japanese However I still harbor doubts about the uality of Chiang's leadership While he may have been the only person able to hold together China's fragile coalition of warlords emerging business class and factional armed forces his political instincts appear to be his primary strength Forgotten Ally is still left to wrestle with his disastrous tactical decisions most glaringly breaching a dike to slow the Japanese army which resulted in the death of up to a half million people and likely only slightly delayed the army's march and the intentional burning of the city Changsha by retreating Nationalists although the Japanese wouldn't reach the city for years The book also acknowledges the endemic corruption that plagued the government and the failure of the Nationalists to adeuately address a devastating famine in one province that ultimately killed millions In passing the book acknowledges that during the civil war with the Communists Chiang was unable to achieve any notable military victories and severely misjudged the strength of his opposition a concession that seems to me to cast doubt on his abilities as a military leader Indeed the only Nationalist military victories against the Japanese proved fleeting Chiang's greatest asset may simply have been his stubborn resolve Moreover the extensive portions of the book focused on J Stilwell struck me as unjustifiably harsh The author lambastes Stilwell for abandoning Chinese troops as part of a failed campaign in Burma despite according to Tuchman's book that he did so under direct orders And the book ignores the fact that Stilwell remained in the area to ensure that retreating armies were supplied with rice and refused air transport in order to stay with 100 military and civilian refugees on a perilous march to safety Tuchman's book also provides needed context for Stilwell's defeat in which he was frustrated by fickle British

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READ & DOWNLOAD » Chinas War with Japan 1937 1945 Þ ✅ [PDF / Epub] ☉ Chinas War with Japan 1937 1945 By Rana Mitter ⚣ – In Rana Mitter's tense moving and hugely important book the war between China and Japan one of the most important struggles of the Second World War at last gets the masterly Eate this terrible conflict He writes both about the major leaders Chiang Kaishek Mao Zedong and Wang Jingwei and about the ordinary people swept up by terrible times Mitter puts at the heart of our understanding of the Second World War that it was Japan's failure to defeat China which was the key War with Japan MOBI #243 dynamic for what happened in As. This book was both an enlightening and a depressing experience to read enlightening because I learned much I did not know before of this phase of the World War II theatre and depressing because Mr Mitter’s narrative vividly portrays the continuously unfolding horrors visited upon the Chinese people during these years While I have been aware since my graduate student days of the multiple millions of deaths suffered by the Russian people during World War II I was stunned to learn that upwards of 20 million Chinese died as a conseuence of Japanese attempts to subdue China Accordingly I wish this book could be reuired reading in the United States as it would significantly assist American citizens to understand the remarkable progress made by China in a very short time as well as the ongoing dynamics of the tensions between China and Japan I certainly better appreciate why Chinese leadership and the people of China are so uick to bristle at any evidence that Japan is moving towards once again emphasizing “national patriotism” while concurrently seeking to alter the pacifistic Constitution imposed upon Japan by the Americans following the end of WW II I am also deeply alarmed at these developments Mr Mitter also does a very good job illustrating the complexity of Chinese domestic politics during the long period following the sad denouement of Sun Yat Sen’s revolution including the post World War II armed struggle in China between Mao Zedong’s Communist forces and the conservative armies of the Nationalist leader Chiang Kai shek following the defeat of Japan While it is clear that both men played a crucial role in defending China against the Japanese I see how difficult it must be for the Chinese people on the one hand to balance acknowledging that the Nationalist troops valiantly fought against the Japanese invaders while on the other to appropriately honoring the critical importance that Mao’s vision and force of personality played in ultimately unifying China and creating the groundwork for the resurgent China of the 21st Century For in my own country over 150 years since the outbreak of our own civil war in the mid 19th Century Americans continue to obsess in assessing interpreting and differing over the causes behind and the meaning of this pivotal period As a conseuence passions still flare up occasionally between Northerners and Southerners and the poison of centuries of discrimination against black people still distorts our civil discourse This book could also provide the West with much needed perspective on the complicated history of Chinese Western inter relationships China’s ongoing suspicions of the West’s intentions have their roots in an unsavory past in which the West regularly interfered with China treating its ancient culture with insulting disrespect If today’s Chinese government occasionally strikes some in the West as being “overly assertive” this may be in part because we still subconsciously expect China to “remember its place” and to maintain its former deference to Western powers While as an historian I was aware of the shameful way China had been repeatedly treated throughout the 19th century by Western powers I did not realize before reading this book how poorly China was often treated even as an ally of the We