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Summary Fascist Voices

Free download ✓ Fascist Voices ï PDF, eBook or Kindle ePUB ↠ ❴PDF / Epub❵ ☃ Fascist Voices Author Christopher Duggan – Christopher Duggan's new history of fascist Italy explores how the movement became embodied in the person of Benito Mussolini who occupied for many aT among the majority of the Italian population He examines the extraordinary personal relationships that millions of Italians had with Mussolini explores the religious dimensions of totalitarianism and discusses why the 'cult of the Duce' still resonates in contemporary Italy Fascist Voices is a fresh and disturbing look at a country in thrall to a charismatic dictat. Extraordinary and disturbing My mother went to high school in Mussolini's Italy She was the only girl in her class and took Yugoslav citizenship after the war even though her parents became Italian After reading this book I know why Dr Duggan received two awards for it and was honoured by the Italian government with the Commander of the Order of the Star of Italian Solidarity

Free download ✓ PDF, eBook or Kindle ePUB ä Christopher Duggan

Christopher Duggan's new history of fascist Italy explores how the movement became embodied in the person of Benito Mussolini who occupied for many an almost divine status and gave millions of men and women a sense of pride and hope offering the prospect of national regeneration after decades of disappointmentA work of exceptional authority and originality Fascist Vo. This is a pretty solid book if a bit over academic and tedious at timesIn a nutshell it's the history of the Italian fascism the rise the fall and the conseuences but with a spin letter upon letter from devoted followers of the regime writing to the Duce and themselves sharing personal stories on how they felt and lived the timesThis is a uniue spin because you don't normally get to hear the ordinary people retell an important part of the history And it's fascinatingThe religious and sexual devotion of women the dutiful and unrepentant soldiers the odd sceptic Words from Mussolini are also there private exchanges with his mistresses including his penchant for drama and hyperboleThe author goes through uite a few periods the humiliation after WWI the anarchy what liberalism meant in Italy in those times the rise of the fascism the domestic policies the invasion of Ethiopia the fickle relation with Germany and envy of Hitler the poor conduct of the Italian army in WWII the almost too sudden removal of Mussolini from power the subseuent civil war and the history of overnight denial that still affects the Italian societyThe only downside is that Christopher gets a bit prosaic with too much focus on the letters and not enough on the historical elements around them All in all though he manages to do a reasonable work with this book An interesting piece for history buffsIgor

Christopher Duggan ä 6 Free read

Fascist VoicesIces makes use of rarely examined sources letters and private diaries newspaper reports and secret police files to uncover how ordinary people experienced fascism on a daily basis and how its ideology influenced their beliefs values language and lifestyleTracing fascism from its conception to its legacy Christopher Duggan unpicks why the regime enjoyed so much suppor. Not uite what it promises to be The author only used a small handful of diaries cited very sparingly and for constructing his narrative relied on the same secondary sources as everyone else which is to say the now largely outdated histories of the fascist period written before Renzo De Felice published his biography of Mussolini or as a defense against De Felice's thesesThe one diary that is cited freuently is that of Clara Petacci finally declassified only ten years ago though discouragingly the manuscripts have only made available to three authors so far Heavily redacted editions were published in Italian in 2010 11 by Rizzoli the editors admitted that they were forced to omit over two thirds of the material and had to redact the entries they did include for space considerations and this book seems to have been an attempt to capitalize on their recent publication Unfortunately the Petacci diaries as published by Rizzoli are completely bizarre and self contradictory either because of mistakes by the editors journalists Mauro Suttora and Mimmo Franzinelli or because the diaries themselves are not authentic The biggest issue with the diaries is that they put Mussolini in places he was not at on those days; another strange thing about the diaries is that Petacci who came from a bourgeois family had a good education and by all accounts was not stupid was an absolutely terrible writer Because most of what she wrote makes no sense the nephew of Petacci believes that she was a British secret service agent as a way to explain her often cryptic writinguote mined as they are in Duggan's book they appear to make some sense and so the picture you get of Petacci's writing in this book is a paraphrase of a paraphrase of her actual diaries Another disappointing thing about this book was that there was no room in this intimate history for Mussolini's closest collaborator and lover for 25 years the Italian Jewish socialist Margherita Sarfatti She was with Mussolini from Forlì in 1911 to his time as editor of Avanti to Il Popolo d'Italia in 1915 to the March on Rome in 1922 wrote his official biography Dux in 1925 right up to Mussolini's about face in 1936 when he left the Anglo French Italian alliance and aligned Italy with Germany and Sarfatti suddenly found herself no longer welcome at Palazzo Venezia The name of Sarfatti only appears three times in this book Once in one of the uotes from the Petacci diaries as the well known art patron and critic and Mussolini's biographer and in relation to two brief uotations from her 1925 biography It seems that Duggan doesn't even know who Sarfatti wasNeither was there much room for his wife Rachele Guidi or other collaborators of the early days like Angelo Oliviero Olivetti founder of the Fasci d'Azione rivoluzionaria internazionalista which evolved into the Fasci di combattimento or Angelica Balabanoff Enrico Corradini Alceste de Ambris etc All important figures you can hardly write a book about fascism especially an intimate history without mentioningThe theses seem to be thata Mussolini was a megalomaniac and a buffoon the former of which may be partially true but far from the whole truth and the second of which is the common result of reading too much into and projecting onto Mussolini the worst excesses of Achille Starace's own undeniable buffooneryb fascism was nothing but propaganda and empty promises There was lots of propaganda and it was very powerful and influential but again there was a lot to it than that and a lot was built and achieved for better and for worse in concrete termsc the supposed big revelation from Petacci's diaries that Mussolini was an anti semite based on one sentence out of a diary of tens of thousands of pages and contradicted literally hundreds of times elsewhere not only in speeches but by the fact that he was sleeping with a Jewish woman for 25 years and a disproportionate percentage of the Fascist gerarchs were Jewishd restatement of the Black Legend alleging that Pius XI and Pius XII were Hitler's Popes a conclusion reuiring the author to ignore a truly staggering amount of evidence to the contraryHaving said all of the above good things about this book were that the author writes in an engaging manner and the narrative really flows For the most part he avoids taking an overly polemical tone Where primary sources the only primary sources really used are the aforementioned handful of diaries are used they're well integrated into the rest of the narrativeI think Duggan is a good author but maybe not an outstanding researcher